Translated from the 1937 edition of Die Spur des Juden im Wandel der Zeiten, written by Alfred Rosenberg in 1919 and first published in 1920. This English language translation by Gerhard Lauck was first published in 2013. Tracing Jewry’s interaction with non-Jews from antiquity to the 20th century, Rosenberg discerns a constantly re-occurring pattern. First, the Jews are accepted, or at least tolerated, despite their pronounced desire for exclusivity. Jewish usury results over time in great wealth and influence, often even special privileges. Ultimately, the burden of usury, abuse of power, arrogance and hardly concealed hostility toward everything non-Jews trigger a backlash, the tables are turned and the Jews suffer persecution. Relying heavily on Jewish sources such as the Talmud and various Jewish authors, Rosenberg examines the Jewish spirit as well as the Jewish role in Freemasonry, the French revolution and communism.